Robert Schumann (1810–1856)

How to say the name:

‘Schumann’ is said like Shoe-man. ‘Robert’ is easy to say.


8th June 1810 in Zwickau, Saxony, Germany.

Schumann’s grave in Bonn


29th July 1856 in Bonn, Germany.


Alter Friedhof (Old Cemetery) in Bonn, Germany (in the same grave as his wife Clara Schumann).

Type of Music:

Classical music from the romantic period.

A famous piece:
  • Träumerei (Dreaming) from Kinderszenen (Scenes from Childhood) for the piano. (See below for a video.)
Some Great Pieces:
  • Piano Concerto. (See below for a video.)
  • Piano Quintet in E flat, Op. 44.
  • Many songs.
  • Many piano pieces, such as Papillons (Butterflies), Carnaval, Kinderszenen (Scenes from Childhood) and Kreisleriana.
Some interesting facts:
  • His piano concerto is one of the most famous piano concertos of all time!
  • He was taught by the famous piano teacher, Friederich Wieck, who became his father-in-law.
  • His wife, Clara Schumann, was also a composer!,
  • Clara’s father did not want Schumann to marry her. Schumann even went to court to try and get permission!
  • He tried a shortcut to getting better at playing the piano—he tied weights to his fingers when he practiced! Unfortunately this damaged his fingers and he was never able to play properly again!
  • Until 1839 he only composed music for the piano.
  • After 1839 he suddenly wrote lots of songs. Some of these songs are among the greatest songs ever written.
  • He tried to kill himself in 1854 and spent the rest of his life in a hospital for mentally ill people. 🙁

Here is a video of the beginning of Schumann’s Piano Concerto.

The beginning of Schumann’s Piano Concerto

And here is a video of Schumann’s Träumerei (Dreaming) from Kinderszenen (Scenes from Childhood). I think this video shows the idea of ‘Dreaming’ very well, don’t you?

Schumann’s Träumerei (Dreaming)

Picture credits:
  1. Robert Schumann. This is a lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber from 1839. The image is in the public domain. Click here for the source of this image, along with the relevant copyright information.
  2. Schumann’s grave in Bonn. This photograph may be used freely, although the photographer would like to be informed. Click here for the source of this image, along with the relevant copyright information and contact details for the photographer.
Video credits:
  1. Martha Argerich plays Schumann piano concerto – Martha Argerich plays Schumann piano concerto in A minor with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra under the baton of Riccardo Chailly. Watch the full concert in High Resolution on :
  2. Yundi Li- Traumerei. Yundi Li plays “Traumerei”.